If you’re a teen, you probably have some pimples on face. Almost 80% of teens have zits, along with many adults.
Zits, otherwise known as acne, pimples, blackheads and whiteheads, are such common skin problems that it’s considered a normal part of puberty. But knowing that having zits is a natural part of being a teen certainly doesn’t make it easier when you’re looking at pimples on face in the mirror. So what are zits, and what can you do about it?
What are Zits and What Causes Them?
Zits is a skin condition that appear as bumps can be cysts, blackheads, pimples or whiteheads. Teens get zits because of the hormonal changes that occurs during puberty.
Acne vulgaris is the most common form of zits. The most common location is pimples on face but may even occur on other parts of the body.
Oil glands, known as sebaceous glands, are found in hair follicles, or pores, in your skin. Sebum, produced by oil glands, lubricates your hair and skin. Usually, the correct amount of sebum is produced yet as a teen’s hormones develop, the hormones causes the oil glands to produce more sebum than is needed. As the oil glands become overactive, pores are clogged with the extra sebum combined with dead skin cells. In addition, bacteria becomes trapped inside the pores and causes the pore to swell and become red and a zit is formed.
What is the difference between whiteheads and blackheads?
Whiteheads are due to clogged, bulging, closed pores while blackheads are due to clogged, open pores and the top surface darkens to form a blackhead.
What is a pimple?
A pimple, or zit, is a small, red, sometimes pus-filled, bump.
What is a cyst?
Sometimes a clogged pore will open up deep underneath the skin, instead of opening up on the surface of the skin, which becomes and infected, potentially painful, lump and is known as a cyst.
What Can I Do About Zits?
To reduce the buildup of oil that may contribute to the outbreak of zits, wash your face once or twice a day with mild soap and warm water. Scrubbing your face will only irritate your skin and pores and make the zits worse. Be gently in caring for your skin and the zits will eventually go away and leave your skin looking fresh and radiant.
Check the labels of makeup and sunscreen for oil free, noncomedogenic, or nonacnegenic ingredients which won’t clog your pores and contribute to the outbreak of zits. Spend extra time to remove all traces of make-up so the residue of make-up doesn’t clog your pores.
Keep hair sprays and hair gels away from your face, as they can also clog pores too. If you have bangs or long hair wash your regularly to reduce the build-up of oil in your hair that may get onto your skin and cause pimples on face.
Rinse your face with water after exercising or any sports.
What if I Get Zits Anyway?
Even though you may wash your face properly and use mild lotions and oil-free makeup, you may get pimples on face and other zits anyway. Being a teenager, zits are to be expected.
Some teens who have outbreaks of zits may seek help from a doctor or dermatologist, who is a doctor who specializes in skin problems. Yet there are many effective, natural home remedies that you can try first which do not have any side effects, are free (as you may have the ingredients at home) or very inexpensive.
One of the most important things to remember is not to pop the zit. Don’t touch it, unless you are washing your face, don’t squeeze it and don’t pick at it. Touching the zit will only cause irritation and potentially leave scars on your face.
Don’t criticize yourself. As hard as it may be, looking in the mirror at a large zit in the middle of your face, don’t criticize yourself. Zits do not define who you are, what you are worth and what you are capable of doing. Love yourself exactly as you are, flaws and all. Think positively and remember that it’s up to you to see the half-filled glass of water as being half empty (a negative perspective) or half full (a positive perspective). Your beauty will always shine through regardless of how your skin looks. Start with some simple home remedies today to care for your skin and reduce and eliminate your zits.